Surabaya - Indonesia

Miss Wikipedia said that Surabaya (Indonesian pronunciation: [surəˈbaja]) (formerly SoerabajaSoerabaia or Surabaja) is Indonesia's second-largest city with a population of over 2.7 million (5.6 million in the metropolitan area), and the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait.

To Indonesians, it is known as "the city of heroes" due to the importance of the Battle of Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution.
Surabaya city was also connected with the Independence Revolution of Indonesia. Since the domination of Dutch and Japan., Surabaya peoples (usually called: Arek Suroboyo ) have hard struggling to fight for the freedom. Finally, in November 10,1945 , Arek Suroboyo succesfully has dominated Oranye hotel (now called: Mojopahit Hotel) in which the hotel became the Colonialism Symbol now. Because of the struggling, Indonesia held Hari Pahlawan in every November 10.
This city officially stood in 1293. That date was taken from the glory of Raden Wijaya, the first king of Majapahit who against China troops. Surabaya was a essential Port city, in that time Kalimas River was crowded by so many boats which are sailed to Surabaya.
Logo of Surabaya
The current symbol was appointed by DPRS Surabaya Big City with the decision number 34/DPRS on June 19, 1955, and was reinforced with the Indonesian Republic President Decision number 193 in 1956 on 14th December.
  1. The symbol had the shape of the hexagon shield that distilled (gesty leerd), which has meant to protect the Surabaya City.
  2. Pahlawan Monument description symbolized sons and daughters Surabaya heroism in maintaining independence against colonizers.
  3. The Sura fish and Crocodile (baya) description that meant Sura ing Baya symbolized the characteristics of sons and daughters of Surabaya courage that did not vibrate faced a danger.
  4. Blue, Black, Silver (White) and Gold (Yellow) colors was made be as clear and as brightly as possible, so that therefore was produced a satisfactory symbols

Surabaya is a multiple ethnic city enriches with many cultures. In Surabaya there are many kinds of ethnics, such as : Malay, Chinese, India , Arab, and Europe . Indonesian archipelago ethnics are also could be found, such as : Madura, Sunda, Batak, Kalimantan, Bali Sulawesi which mixed with native Surabaya citizen and establish cultural pluralism, hence, it become a special characteristic for Surabaya . Most of Surabaya citizen are original from Native Surabaya and Madura peoples.
Hence, it makes Surabaya being different with other city in Indonesia, then this special characteristic is really blending to coloring in this daily life. Associate with each other without any differences, open minded, critic and being critic is a daily lifestyle that could be found in here. More over, traditional art and special food define for Surabaya cultural pluralism.

Art living in Surabaya grew well. Traditional and modern art complete each other to create various Surabaya art. Traditional art grew because of the colonialism defense history that has been preserved nowadays. Traditional art is very various. there are dancing art, musical art and stage art. Ludruk, Gending Jula Juli Suroboyo, Remo dancing, Kentrung, Okol, Seni Ujung, Besutan, Loro Pangkon ceremony, Lenggang Suroboyo dance, and Hadrah dance.
While modern art is also grew slightly, many dance studios focus in developing traditional and modern blended. Yet, many dance groups developed modern creation, such as Marlupi dance, gito Maran. 
In realizing art living in Surabaya, Surabaya Art Council (Dewan Kesenian Jakarta) and Musical, theatre, painting association create many efforts to increase it. Painting art exhibition and Theatre art are often held in Balai Pemuda. While, traditional dance art show always held in Taman Hiburan Rakyat (THR) and Taman Budaya. Surabaya Symphony Orchestra (SSO) is also have a role to make musical art grew well in Surabaya.

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